Redwoodva.net | Operating Policies

Redwood Virtual Crew Operating Policies



1) INTRODUCTION

1.1) Redwood Virtual's History

Redwood Virtual was founded by Chase Morgan and Dan True in May of 2014 with one goal in mind, to launch a unique virtual airline (VA) to serve the virtual skies emulating the real-world operations of Virgin America. In December of 2014, Chase Morgan brought Eric Watters onboard as the new CEO with the mission of growing the VA. Eric quickly began to gauge the desires of Redwood’s flight team members and implement innovative growth strategies. In March of 2015, founder Chase Morgan stepped aside and turned ownership of Redwood Virtual over to CEO Eric Watters. Soon after, in an effort to continue growing, Redwood expanded beyond the Virgin America brand to include other Virgin Group partner airlines – Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Australia. This expansion allowed for an expansion of the available aircraft in the Redwood Virtual fleet to include wide-body Airbuses and Boeing aircraft.

In April of 2015, Redwood Virtual entered into a partnership with Virtual Delta Airlines (vDelta), which allowed for the addition of nearly a thousand new codeshare routes to the Redwood Virtual library of schedules. That significant partnership helped Redwood Virtual to continue to grow as an up-and-coming virtual airline to be reckoned with. In July of 2016, Eric Watters appointed David Winter to the position of CEO and stepped in the role of president & owner. Since that time, Redwood has continued to grow, expanding into even more code shares and cargo operations. In December of that year, the real-world Alaska Airlines and Virgin America announced they'd be merging.

In January of 2018, the real-world Alaska Airlines and Virgin America began operating under a Single Operator's Certificate under the Alaska Airlines brand. At that time, Redwood Virtual embraced the Alaska Airlines brand integrating it into its existing VA brand, while committing to keeping the Virgin America brand alive at the behest of its pilots. That combined brand will help to keep Redwood aligned with real-world developments, while honoring its traditions.


1.2) Redwood Virtual's Mission

Redwood Virtual excels in the virtual airline community by recognizing that its members and community partners are the keys to its success. We at Redwood Virtual are dedicated to continually developing our network systems, information, and operations to cater to our fast growing virtual airline. We value our pilots and see them as our most important asset. Our dedicated pilots are one of a kind and stand out in the virtual airline community.

Not only do our pilots possess superior flying skills, they demonstrate leadership, integrity, and the ability to connect with others in a positive and meaningful way. As a pilot or sponsor at Redwood Virtual, you are not only making a decision to change the virtual skies, but also the world. The Redwood Virtual community is dedicated to helping our flight team members grow both within the virtual airline community and in real life. With a quickly expanding international network of flight team members spanning the spectrum of ages, cultures, education and experience we are looking to Redwood Virtual will help you expand your horizons, elevate the virtual skies, and reach your maximum potential!


1.3) Legal Notice

Redwood Virtual is a non-profit virtual airline, which exists within the flight simulation community only. Redwood Virtual is in no way affiliated with, sponsored by, or endorsed by Alaska Airlines, any represented codeshare airline, or their affiliates or parent corporations. All content contained or displayed within the Redwood Virtual network, to include its website and social media pages are the sole intellectual property of the owner(s) of Redwood Virtual and they claim copyright and trademark on all the aforementioned intellectual property. The unauthorized copying, distribution, reuse, or the sale of such intellectual property is prohibited by law. Violators may be subject to criminal and/or civil prosecution under United States and/or international law.



2) MEMBERSHIP

2.1) Flight Team Application

The Redwood Virtual flight team is a group of dedicated virtual pilots. As a member, our leaders will usher you through our day-to-day operations and act as examples of leadership, integrity, intellect, and so much more! The application process is as follows:

  1. Click the Join Us link on the Redwood Virtual website.
  2. Read and accept the crew operating policies.
  3. Successfully complete the Redwood Virtual entrance examination (minimum 70% passing score required).
  4. Submit an application.
  5. Await management approval of your application to launch your career at Redwood Virtual.

2.2) Application Requirements
  • Access to a fun and interactive network mirroring Alaska Airlines, legacy Virgin America, and our other codeshare airlines.
  • You must be 13 years of age or older.
  • Own legal copy of Microsoft Flight Simulator X or 2020, Prepar3D, or X-Plane.
  • Maintain a valid email address on file with Redwood Virtual.
  • You must have no active restrictions on the VATSIM network.
  • You must attest to having had no disciplinary action resulting in your permanent removal from any virtual airline/network.

2.3) Membership Benefits

Redwood Virtual provides its flight team member with a superior benefits package that includes:

Flight Team Member Benefits
  • Access to a fun and interactive network mirroring Alaska Airlines and the legacy of Virgin America
  • Accurate flight information, including navigational routing, in a robust ASACARS 2.0
  • The ability to choose from multiple aircraft
  • The ability to fly charter flights
  • A dynamic rank system so you can watch your career progress
  • The Pilot Awards Program
  • A robust social media program that includes dedicated Discord, a public Facebook page, and a private flight team members only Facebook group
Management Team Benefits
  • The ability to present and implement innovative ideas in a highly-effective team atmosphere
  • Mentoring by senior corporate members with significant real-world managerial and academic credentials
  • The ability to grow within the Redwood Virtual corporate structure as you prove your skills and dedication to the VA
  • A leadership position in a highly respected virtual airline

2.4) Multiple Memberships

Redwood Virtual allows and encourages our flight team members to broaden their horizons and check out other virtual airlines in the flight simulation community. There are a lot of options out there and each community has something to offer to pilots. All we ask it that you maintain your flight requirements and do not share Redwood Virtual members only information in other communities without the expressed permission of the CEO of Redwood Virtual. Members who hold a staff position with another virtual airline may not simultaneously hold a staff position with Redwood Virtual.


2.5) Transfer Hours

Redwood Virtual's human resources personnel will review the Vataware profile of every new crew member upon acceptance and will award automatically award hours from said profile. Also, any newly accepted crew member may request to transfer in existing flight hours from another virtual airline by emailing Human Resources (hr@redwoodva.net) and providing sufficient proof of said flight hours. The hours will be evaluated (e.g., aircraft type, flight quality, etc.) prior to being approved for transfer. A maximum of 30 documented hours may be transferred in any combination of hours.


2.6) Disputes

Unfortunately, once in a while a member of our executive management team may make a decision that a flight team member doesn’t agree with. This may be a ruling we make on a flight report or a disciplinary action. If you wish to dispute something, please send an email to the Chief Executive Officer at (ceo@redwoodva.net) to initiate a dispute. Dispute reports can take up 48 to 72 hours for processing and final determination.



3) CREW OPERATIONS

3.1) Rank Philosophy
Redwood Virtual’s rank structure allows for quick promotions and the availability of more and more aircraft and routes.
Rank Wings Epaluet Hours Required
First Officer 0-19
Regional Captain 20-49
Captain 50-99
Senior Captain 100-199
Command Captain 200+

3.2) Certification Categories
Redwood Virtual does operate with rank restrictions. Our flight team members may fly any and all of the aircraft in our fleet, including those for codeshare flights, so long as they within their rank category and able to complete the planned flight. They may also fly charter and codeshare routes from day one of their acceptance as a flight team member.
Certification Category Rank Pay Rate Authorized Aircraft
CAT-I First Officer $30 A319/20, & B736/7/8/9
CAT-II Regional Captain $90 All Cat-I, A318/21, B712, CRJs, DH8D, ERJs, & MDs
CAT-III Captain $280 All Cat-I/II, A332/3, A359/K, B752/F, B763/F, B772/L/W/F, & B788/9
CAT-IV Senior Captain $320 All Cat-I/II/III, A343/6, A388, B744/F, & B748/F
CAT-V Command Captain $400 All Categories of Aircraft

3.3) Flight Team Requirements
Newly Accepted Flight Team Members Must:
  • Fly their first flight, resulting in an Accepted PIREP, within 14 days of acceptance into Redwood Virtual

All Flight Team Members Should:
  • Fly at least one flight per calendar month
  • Maintain a valid email address with Redwood Virtual
  • Be active on Redwood Virtual’s Facebook Page
  • Be active in Redwood Virtual’s Crewtalk Forum
  • Share their ideas for making Redwood better!

3.4) Leave of Absence (LOA)

Flight Team members are allowed up to 90 total days of approved LOA per calendar year. Military personnel are allowed a LOA equal to their deployment time plus 90 days (with proof of military orders showing the deployment dates). If you require more than the allotted time, we approve extended LOAs on a per case basis. LOA applications may be submitted via the Flight Team Portal (FTP); however, extended LOA requests must be processed via email. Please email Human Resources at (hr@redwoodva.net) to request an extended LOA.


3.5) #ASALove

Redwood Virtual believes that the diversity of our members is one of our biggest strengths. We encourage our flight team members to share their cultures with us all as it will help us all become closer and understand each other, and the world in general, much better. Redwood Virtual has a zero-tolerance policy against discrimination and will not tolerate discrimination of any kind or for any reason (e.g., because of a member’s gender, race, age, sexual orientation, religion, socioeconomic status, or political or religious beliefs). However, in an effort to avoid discriminatory conflicts, we suggest that flight team members limit discussions or comments concerning politics and religion as these tend to be inflammatory subjects. If you choose not to share the #ASALove your membership with Redwood Virtual may be suspended or terminated, and you may be permanently banned from the Redwood Virtual community.


3.6) Social Media and Discord

The Redwood Virtual social media sites and Discord are an awesome way to share information, photos, events, and your career with the rest of the community. We have multiple ways for you to share information and ask questions of other members. We ask that you use your best judgment for making posts. We have a few guidelines that will help to keep our social media sites and Discord a fun, professional, and safe place for all our pilots.

  • Respect other members’ opinions and viewpoints
  • No discrimination will be tolerated
  • Refrain from posting information about other people unless authorized by them
  • Do not “bump” posts unless it is for a support request
  • Do not post copyrighted material that you do not explicitly own the rights to

3.7) Pilot Awards Program
Redwood Virtual’s Pilot Awards Program (PAP) awards pilots for various professional accomplishments and career milestones as you progress as a pilot at Redwood.

Staff Awards
  • Chief Executive Officer Wings
  • Chief Operating Officer Wings (Ret.)
  • Corporate Partner Wings
  • Human Resources (HR) Wings
  • Hub Manager Wings

Rank Awards
  • First Officer Wings
  • Regional Captain Wings
  • Captain Wings
  • Senior Captain Wings
  • Command Captain Wings

Hours Awards
  • 10 flight hours completed
  • 20 flight hours completed
  • 50 flight hours completed
  • 75 flight hours completed
  • 100 flight hours completed
  • 150 flight hours completed
  • 200 flight hours completed
  • 250 flight hours completed
  • 300 flight hours completed
  • 400 flight hours completed
  • 500 flight hours completed
  • 750 flight hours completed
  • 1000 flight hours completed

Flights Awards
  • First Flight
  • 10 Flights
  • 20 Flights
  • 50 Flights
  • 100 Flights
  • 150 Flights
  • 200 Flights

Landing Awards
  • -500fpm or less
  • -400fpm or less
  • -300fpm or less
  • -200fpm or less
  • -100fpm or less
  • -50fpm or less

Longevity Awards
  • 30 Days
  • 60 Days
  • 90 Days
  • 180 Days
  • 1 Year
  • 2 Years

Mileage Awards
  • 1,000 Miles
  • 5,000 Miles
  • 10,000 Miles
  • 25,000 Miles
  • 50,000 Miles
  • 100,000 Miles
  • 150,000 Miles

3.8) Pilot Rewards System

Redwood Virtual utilizes a pilot rewards system through which pilots earn points that can be redeemed in the crew store. The rewards points system is structured as follows:


Reward Action Points Explanation
Registration 1,000 pts Points awarded upon registration as a new pilot with Redwood Virtual.
PIREP Submission 50 pts Points awarded for filing an accepted PIREP.
Landing Rate* 5 pts Points awarded for each fpm under the maximum landing rate of -600 fpm.
Landing Rate Exceeded -1 pt Points deducted for every fpm above the maximum landing rate of -600 fpm.
*Note: Manual PIREPs will be awarded a flat 500 pts for the landing rate since the true landing rate is not captured.


4) FLIGHT OPERATIONS

4.1) Redwood Virtual's Hubs
Redwood Virtual operates four (4) hubs, each with a manager, for administrative purposes. Listed below are Redwood Virtual's hubs:
  • Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (KSEA) is Alaska Airlines's main hub in the United States.
  • San Francisco International (KSFO).
  • Los Angeles International (KLAX).
  • Portland International Airport (KPDX).

4.2) Charter Flights

Redwood Virtual allows charter flights so that our flight team members can fly to their favorite airports that support aircraft the size of the aircraft they’re flying. Charter flights must be flown using the ASACARS 2.0 system. Should you desire to fly to an airport that is not currently available in the ASACARS 2.0 you should submit an airport request through the crew portal to request that the airport be evaluated and added to the system.


4.3) Flight Report Requirements
We hold our pilots to high standards that set us at the top of the virtual airline market.

PIREP Requirements
  1. Should use Redwood Virtual’s ASACARS 2.0: although, manual PIREPs may be filed.
  2. Manual PIREPs must also include a VATWARE/VATSTATS link in the comments section to validate the flight
  3. Have minimal over speeding (maintain 250 knots or less under 10,000 ft MSL) in accordance with FAA regulations. Reported over speeds between 265 and 279 knots require the pilot to provide the reasons (e.g., weather, ATC directions, etc.) for the overspeed for the PIREP to be considered for approval.
  4. A landing rate of -800 or less. Reported landing rates above -600 will lose 2 rewards points for every point above -600.
  5. Use the standard simulation rate (x1)
  6. Proper fuel, passenger, and cargo loading
  7. Follow all FAA Rules and Regulations

  8. *Note: Pilots may be asked to provide clarification of PIREP issues noted by staff. If the requested clarification is not received within 48 hours, the PIREP is subject to rejection for failure to respond
Grounds for Automatic PIREP Rejection
  1. Manual PIREPs that no not include a VATWARE/VATSTATS link in the comments section to validate the flight.
  2. PIREPs with reported over speeds of 280 knots or greater under 10,000 ft MSL.
  3. PIREPs with a reported landing rate higher -800.
  4. PIREPs with a reported simulation rate greater than x1.
  5. PIREPs showing a pilot flew an aircraft outside of their applicable rank category.
  6. PIREPs showing a pilot refueled while in flight.
  7. PIREPs showing a pilot flew a non-partner or codeshare livery.
  8. "Double dipping" PIREPS (i.e., a flight flown simultaneously for multiple VAs).
Exception
  1. Redwood Virtual’s ASACARS 2.0 does not work on Macs so pilots who fly X-Plane on a mac must fly on VATSIM and file manual PIREPs following the requirements laid out in no. 3.

4.4) Redwood Virtual Standardized Operating Cost Indexes (SOCIs)
Listed below are the Standardized Operating Cost Indexes (SOCIs) for all flights operated by Redwood Virtual.
  1. Discretion for cost indexing is always retained by the pilot-in-command (PIC) so you may deviate from the established SOCIs as determined necessary or as flight planning requires.
  2. Redwood Virtual does not require or recommend changing SOCI during different the climb or cruise stages of a flight, but as always, discretion is retained by the PIC.
  3. Redwood Virtual does allow increasing the SOCI during the cruise stage of flight to shorten cruise times if desired, but only mach .79 or Long-Range Cruise (LRC) should be used.
  4. Short-haul flights are considered to be those that are 4 hours or less (<=4hrs) in duration.
  5. Long-haul flights are considered to be those that are greater than 4 hours (>4hrs) in duration.

Regional Aircraft Short Haul (≤4hrs),
Delayed, or Headwind
Long Haul (>4hrs),
On Time, or Tailwind
B712 32 15
CRJ7/9 27 17
DH8D High-speed Cruise
(VMO -10)
High-speed Cruise
(VMO -20)
ERJ135/140/145 .77M LRC
ERJ170/75L/190/195 .78M LRC

Narrow-body Aircraft Short Haul (≤4hrs),
Delayed, or Headwind
Long Haul (>4hrs),
On Time, or Tailwind
MD-88/90 24 21
A318/19/20/21 65 35
B736/7/8/9 32 17
B752/3 43 30

Wide-body Aircraft Short Haul (≤4hrs),
Delayed, or Headwind
Long Haul (>4hrs),
On Time, or Tailwind
A332/3
A343/6
40 27
A380 90 50
B744/8 90 53
B763 40 37
B772/L/W 80 57
B788/9 100 70

4.5) Redwood Virtual Standardized Minimum Decision Altitude/Decision Height (MDA/DH)
Listed below are the Standardized Minimum Decision Altitude/Decision Heights (MDA/DH) for all flights operated by Redwood Virtual. As always, the discretion to deviate from these MDA/DHs resides with the pilot-in-command (PIC) when aircraft, weather, and/or environmental conditions warrant or when otherwise directed by ATC.

  • When approach minimums information is available on the instrument approach plate for the intended runway, the published MDA/DH shall be used.
  • DH/DA/RA will be used on precision approaches (i.e., CAT I/II/III ILS).
  • MDA will be used of non-precision approaches.
  • Keep in mind that even though aircraft have standardized categories, the applicable Approach Category, in the below maneuvering table, is determined by calculating approach speed (VAPP) in use at that time.
MANEUVERING TABLE
Approach Category A B C D E
Speed (Knots) 0-90 91-120 121-140 141-165 Abv 165

When MDA/DH information is not available on a published approach plate, the following will be MDA/DHs will be observed:
  1. For Visual and CAT I approaches, the SAM altitude is to be set at 200' AGL above the runway's TDZE (Touchdown Zone Elevation). The TDZE is to be collected from the runway chart.
  2. For Cat II and III approaches, the radar altimeter will be used and shall be set at 200' for regional and narrow-bodied, aircraft and 400' for wide-bodied aircraft.

4.6) Aircraft Selection

Every Redwood Virtual route has a preferred aircraft that follows the real-world route's assigned aircraft, but as with any airline's operational needs, aircrafts change. Therefore, Redwood pilots are free to change the preferred aircraft to any make/model of aircraft they wish so long as the aircraft can reasonably make the flight; even if the selected aircraft isn't in the real-world fleet of that airline.


4.7) Aircraft Liveries

Pilots should fly utilizing a livery that matches the airline of the route being flown, but only liveries from Alaska Airlines, Virgin America, or from Redwood's listed codeshare airlines may be used. To that end, fictional liveries are allowed to be used when flying an aircraft that is not in the real-world fleet of the airline whose routes is being flown. When a matching livery is not available a pilot may fly a blank livery or aircraft designer "house" livery (e.g., Boeing, Airbus, Aerosoft, PMDG, BBS, etc.).


4.8) Scheduled Flight Navigational Routes

Most Redwood Virtual flight schedules include a suggested route; however, Redwood pilots are free to alter that route as they see fit.


4.9) Aircraft Cruising Altitude

Redwood Virtual's ASACARS 2.0 will provide with an assigned cruising altitude for the flight that closely matches the real-world routes assigned cruising altitude. With that being said, Redwood pilots are free to adjust the cruising altitude as needed for optimum flight performance.


4.10) Aircraft Passenger and Cargo Loads

Redwood Virtual's ASACARS 2.0 will provide each pilot with a randomized passenger (pax) count or cargo load weight (in lbs). Pilots should follow those randomized passenger loading and cargo weight assignments, but are free to change that as needed to balance aircraft loads.


4.11) Redwood Virtual Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards (ETOPS)
Listed below are the Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards (ETOPS) certifications for all flights operated by Redwood Virtual.

Aircraft ETOPS
Minutes
CRJs No ETOPS
DH8D (i.e., Q400) No ETOPS
E135/40/45 No ETOPS
E170/75L/90/95 120
MD-88/90 No ETOPS
A318 180
A319 180
A320 180
A321 180
A332/3 240
A343/6 N/A
B736/7/8/9 180
B744/8 330
B752 180
B763 180
B772/L/W 330
B788/9 330

4.12) Connected Flight Deck Operations

Redwood Virtual encourages connected flight deck operations with other Redwood Virtual pilots. Connected flight deck adds to the realism of flight, but there are some technical issues that may affect PIREP submissions. Therefore, below are some general rules regarding connected flight deck flights:

Both pilots running ASACARS 2.0:
  • Often times the pilot in the FO role, with connected flight deck in the slave setting, will report a positive landing rate through the ASACARS 2.0.
  • If at the conclusion of the connected flight the ASACARS 2.0 has reported a positive landing rate, submit the PIREP and email your hub manager the name of the Redwood Virtual Pilot you flew with and the flight number used so the landing rate from the pilot in command, the pilot who flew in the master setting, can be ported over to your PIREP.

Only one pilot running ASACARS 2.0:
  • If only one pilot will be running the ASACARS 2.0, it shall be run by the Pilot in command and the FO shall file a manual PIREP via the Crew Portal.
  • The manual PIREP shall include a note in the PIREP comments explaining the flight was a connected flight deck flight, the name of the pilot in command, and the flight number.

4.13) Positive Landing Rates

Occasionally the ASACARS 2.0 records positive landing rates. This generally only occurs on Majestic Q400 flights due to a known issue with the model reporting some data outside of the standard simulator structure. It can also occur when pilots fly a connected flight deck. Therefore, should any PIREP include a positive landing rate, that rate will be changed to a flat -100 landing rate to pilot record and rewards calculating purposes.


4.14) Regional Airline Codeshares Listed below are Redwood Virtual's codeshare regional airlines, which lists the majors they fly for and the aircraft they have dedicated to those operations. Pilots may fly aircraft other than those listed below in accordance with policy 4.6) Aircraft Selection, so long as the livery used meets the requirement of policy 4.7) Aircraft Liveries (e.g., Delta Connection DH8D).

REGIONAL CODESHARES
Airline ICAO Callsign Flown As Aircraft
Compass Airlines CPZ Compass American Eagle
Delta Connection
E75L
E75L
Endeavor Air EDV Endeavor Delta Connection CRJ2/7/9
Envoy Air ENY Envoy American Eagle E140/45/75L
Flybe BEE Jersey Flybe DH8D & E75L
GoJet Airlines GJS Lindberg United Express CRJ550/7
Horizon Air QXE Horizon Alaska DH8D & E75L
Mesa Airlines ASH Air Shuttle American Eagle
United Express
CRJ9
CRJ7 & E75L
PSA Airlines JIA Blue Streak American Eagle CRJ7/9
QantasLink QLK Q-Link QantasLink A320
B712
DH8D
Republic Airways RPA Brickyard American Eagle
Delta Connection
United Express
E75L
E170/75L
E170/75L
SkyWest Airlines SKW SkyWest Alaska
American Eagle
Delta Connection
United Express
E75L
CRJ7 & E75L
CRJ2/7/9 & E75L
CRJ2/7 & E75L
WestJet Encore WEN Encore WestJest Encore DH8D

4.15) Standard Operating Procedures

GPU USAGE
GPU will be used whenever available.

APU USAGE
  1. The APU bleed will be shutoff prior to starting the APU to avoid the introduction of fumes into the cabin.
  2. The APU will be shutdown prior to takeoff, expect under the following conditions:
    • When performance calculations require the PACKs to be off during takeoff to increase engine performance, APU bleed air will be used to provide cabin air pressure.
    • When in heavy weather.
  3. The APU may be used in flight only under the following conditions:
    • In the event of an engine generator failure in flight.
    • In icing conditions when air-frame anti-icing systems are using so much bleed-air that APU bleed air is needed to supplement cabin pressurization.
    • In all situations, an APU's fuel or altitude limitations should be considered.
STANDARD DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
  • Pilots will derate engine performance whenever possible.
  • Redwood Virtual's standard departure from all airports will include NADP procedures, unless airport requirements, ATC, or aircraft weight and/or performance requirements demand a non-NADP departure.


Standard Noise Abatement Departure Procedures (NADP)
NADP Type Engine Out Altitude Climb Thrust Altitude
Procedure
Acceleration Altitude
Procedure
Standard Use
Close-in (NADP 1) @ 800' AFE @ 1,500' AFE, reduce thrust & maintain speed @ 3,000' AFE, retract flaps/slats on schedule & increase to en route climb speed International
Distant (NADP 2) @ 800' AFE @ 800' AFE, reduce thrust, maintain speed, & retract flaps/slats on schedule @ 800' AFE, increase to en route climb speed United States

Q400 Additional Standard Departure Procedures
Runway Condition Runway Length Engine Rating Flap Setting
Dry 6,700’ or longer RTOP 85% Flaps 5º
Contaminated Shorter than 6,700’ NTOP Flaps 10º

STANDARD ARRIVAL PROCEDURES
Standard Noise Abatement Arrival Procedures
  • Redwood Virtual pilots will endeavor to descend and arrive using optimized profile descents (OPD) whenever possible to reduce noise and minimize fuel consumptions; however, pilots will comply with all approach plate and/or ATC requirements.
  • Q400 pilots will land using the reduced Np landing (RDC Np LDG) unless otherwise required due to airport, weather, or aircraft conditions.

4.16) Aircraft Performance Table
The below table lists the standard climb, cruise, descent, approach, and landing performance metrics for Redwood Virtual's authorized aircraft.

STANDARDIZED AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE TABLE

Aircraft

Initial to
5,000

5,001 to
15,000

15,001 to
24,000

Mach Climb

Cruise

Cruise to
24,000

23,999 to
10,000

Approach

Landing

A318

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

.79M
(460 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.76M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

125 KIAS

A319

2,500 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,200 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

.79M
(450 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

130 KIAS

A320

2,500 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,400 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

.79M
(450 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

137 KIAS

A321

2,500 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,800 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

.79M
(450 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

2,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(225 KAIS)

141 KIAS

A332/F

2,000 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,200 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.80M)

.81M
(470 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

3,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,600 fpm
(230 KAIS)

140 KIAS

A333

2,000 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,300 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

.81M
(475 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.81M)

3,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KAIS)

140 KIAS

A343

1,400 fpm
(175 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

700 fpm
(.80M)

.82M
(490 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.81M)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

140 KIAS

A346

1,500 fpm
(175 KAIS)

1,200 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

800 fpm
(.81M)

.82M
(480 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.81M)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

150 KIAS

A359

3,000 fpm
(220 KAIS)

2,300 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,600 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,400 fpm
(.82M)

.85M
(490 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.85M)

3,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

155 KIAS

A388

1,500 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(320 KIAS)

1,300 fpm
(320 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.83M)

.85M
(520 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.83M)

2,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

140 KIAS

AT43

1,000 fpm
(140 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KIAS)

(255 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(200 KAIS)

120 KIAS

AT45/6

1,000 fpm
(140 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(220 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(220 KIAS)

(300 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(200 KAIS)

110 KIAS

AT75/6

1,500 fpm
(140 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KIAS)

(275 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(260 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(260 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(200 KAIS)

120 KIAS

B712

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

3,000 fpm
(270 KIAS)

3,000 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.76
(435 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.72M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KAIS)

139 KIAS

B733

2,500 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(270 KIAS)

1,400 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.70M)

.74M
(429 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.70M)

3,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

132 KIAS

B734

3,000 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(270 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.70M)

.74M
(430 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.74M)

3,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS

139 KIAS

B736

3,000 fpm
(185 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(250 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.78M
(460 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.78M)

3,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

130 KIAS

B737

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(280 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.74M)

.78M
(460 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.76M)

3,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

137 KIAS

B738

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.78M)

.79M
(460 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.78M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

147 KIAS

B739

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.78M
(460 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.79M)

3,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

150 KIAS

B744

1,500 fpm
(215 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.75M)

.85M
(510 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.85M)

3,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

152 KIAS

B748

2,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(260 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(260 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.85M)

.86M
(510 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.85M)

3,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KAIS)

145 KIAS

B752

3,500 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.78M)

.80M
(470 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

3,500 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KAIS)

107 KIAS

B753

3,000 fpm
(175 KAIS)

3,000 fpm
(270 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

.80M
(490 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

3,500 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

143 KIAS

B763

3,000 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.72M)

.80M
(460 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.72M)

3,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

140 KIAS

B772

3,000 fpm
(200 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.83M)

.84M
(480 KIAS)

800 fpm
(.75M)

3,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

140 KIAS

B77L

2,500 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(280 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(.83M)

.84M
(490 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.84M)

3,000 fpm
(240 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(210 KAIS)

140 KIAS

B77W

3,000 fpm
(200 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.83M)

.84M
(490 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.84M)

3,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

149 KIAS

B788

2,700 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.79M)

.85M
(470 KIAS)

2,600 fpm
(.84M)

2,800 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

140 KIAS

B789

2,700 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.79M)

.85M
(490 KIAS)

2,600 fpm
(.84M)

2,800 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

140 KIAS

BCS1

3,100 fpm
(175 KAIS)

2,600 fpm
(280 KIAS)

1,800 fpm
(280 KAIS)

2,200 fpm
(.77M)

.78M
(445 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.78M)

2,200 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,700 fpm
(210 KAIS)

140 KIAS

CONC

4,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(400 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(400 KAIS)

1,200 fpm
(.75M)

2.0M
(1,500 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.85M)

3,500 fpm
(350 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(230 KAIS)

165 KIAS

DC91

2,800 fpm
(150 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(240 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(240 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.74M
(380 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.74M)

2,300 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KAIS)

132 KIAS

DC92

2,500 fpm
(170 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,300 fpm
(.74M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KAIS)

127 KIAS

DC93

2,000 fpm
(170 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.74M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(220 KAIS)

127 KIAS

DC94

3,000 fpm
(160 KAIS)

2,600 fpm
(240 KIAS)

2,200 fpm
(240 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.74M
(380 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.74M)

2,300 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KAIS)

131 KIAS

DC95

2,000 fpm
(170 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.72M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

2,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

130 KIAS

CRJ2

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(250 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.68M)

.74M
(420 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.70M)

3,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KIAS)

140 KIAS

CRJ7

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(200 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.77M
(442 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.72M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KIAS)

135 KIAS

CRJ9

3,000 fpm
(165 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(200 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.72M)

.78M
(447 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.72M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KIAS)

135 KIAS

DH8D

3,500 fpm
(150 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KIAS)

1,200 fpm
(210 KAIS)

1,200 fpm
(210 KAIS)

(360 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(270 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(270 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(245 KAIS)

121 KIAS

E135

3,500 fpm
(160 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.56M)

.76M
(320 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.76M)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KAIS)

130 KIAS

E145/X

2,500 fpm
(165 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.56M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

2,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(210 KAIS)

135 KIAS

E170/75L

3,400 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,800 fpm
(300 KIAS)

2,200 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,600 fpm
(.75M)

.78M
(460 KIAS)

2,300 fpm
(.76M)

2,600 fpm
(300 KAIS)

2,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

130 KIAS

E190/5

3,400 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,800 fpm
(300 KIAS)

2,200 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,800 fpm
(.75M)

.78M
(460 KIAS)

2,100 fpm
(.75M)

2,600 fpm
(300 KAIS)

2,200 fpm
(250 KAIS)

131 KIAS

MD11

2,000 fpm
(190 KAIS)

2,200 fpm
(300 KIAS)

1,800 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.80M)

.83M
(500 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.83M)

3,000 fpm
(300 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

159 KIAS

MD82

2,500 fpm
(170 KAIS)

2,800 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.75M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.75M)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

136 KIAS

MD83

2,500 fpm
(170 KAIS)

2,800 fpm
(250 KIAS)

2,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.75M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(.74M)

1,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(250 KAIS)

137 KIAS

MD88

2,700 fpm
(170 KAIS)

2,800 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,200 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(.74M)

.76M
(450 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

2,300 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(240 KAIS)

130 KIAS

MD90

3,200 fpm
(170 KAIS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KIAS)

2,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(.74M)

.76M
(440 KIAS)

1,000 fpm
(.76M)

3,500 fpm
(290 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

138 KIAS

SB20

2,300 fpm
(140 KAIS)

1,700 fpm
(250 KIAS)

1,300 fpm
(250 KAIS)

1,300 fpm
(250 KIAS)

(360 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(340 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(340 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

110 KIAS

SF34

1,800 fpm
(140 KAIS)

1,000 fpm
(210 KIAS)

700 fpm
(210 KAIS)

700 fpm
(210 KIAS)

(250 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(280 KIAS)

1,500 fpm
(280 KAIS)

1,500 fpm
(250 KAIS)

115 KIAS


4.17) Acronym/Initialism Chart
  • AFE – Above Field Elevation
  • AGL – Above Ground Level altitude
  • DH/DA – Decision Height/Altitude (MSL) for precision approaches (ILS)
  • FPA – Flight Path Angle
  • ISA – International Standard Atmosphere
  • KIAS – Knots Indicated Airspeed
  • MDA – Minimum Decision Altitude (AGL) for non-precision approaches (NPA)
  • MSL – Mean Sea Level altitude
  • OAT – Outside Air Temperature
  • SAT – Static Air Temperature
  • TAT – Total Air Temperature
  • V1 – Maximum safe T/O abort speed
  • V2 – Safe one-engine climb speed
  • VAPP (VAP) – Approach speed (VREF + config + wind)
  • VCLIMB – Minimum clean climb speed
  • VFE – Maximum flap extension speed
  • VFRI (VFR) – Flap retraction speed
  • VLE – Maximum gear extension speed
  • VLO – Maximum gear operating speed
  • VMO – Maximum operating speed
  • VR – Rotation speed
  • VREF – Final approach speed
  • VZF - Minimum safe maneuvering speed with 0 flaps


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